Pine pollen is the brownish powder obtained from the male flowers of any of the more than 100 varieties of pine trees across the world. It is often used as dietary supplement. Some pines are found to have low levels of testosterone which may have a positive effect on testosterone levels in the body. Some species provide anti-inflammatory properties. However, there have been no studies on the correlation between ingestion of pine pollen and its effect on the state of aphrodisia, muscle growth, and male vitality, which are functions of the testosterone levels in the body.
Pine pollen is most likely to possess allergens. Persons allergic to it will also be allergic to supplements having pine pollen as one of the main ingredients. So people should be extra careful about consuming any of the pine pollen-based testosterone booster supplements marketed across many countries.
Pine pollen usually contains Vitamin D and the active hormone 1.25-dihydroxyvitamin D, testosterone, epitestosterone, and androstenedione; and steroids in glucuronidated form. Testosterone is slightly higher than in royal jelly, but for some it may be low for an anabolic effect. Pine pollen also contains steroid molecules.
Oral ingestion of a pine pollen extract with D-galactose by rats tends to weaken ageing symptoms. Preliminary evidence indicates an anti-ageing role for pine pollen in mice and in isolated cells. The oral dose used in the mouse study was higher than the supplements of pine pollen now available. A study showed that the rheumatoid factor was slightly attenuated by the pine pollen extract. Ethanolic extracts of pine pollen have shown anti-inflammatory properties in rodents. This may be related to possible immunosuppressive properties. Moderately high doses of pine pollen may have analgesic properties with potency comparable to reference drugs.
Whatever scientific research has so far been conducted tends to indicate that the claims being made of the effectiveness of pine pollen on various fronts may not be substantiated, even though pine pollen did provide at least minor effect in most studies. Still, for some it may be too small to be a base for the usually tall claim.
While there is no reason to rule out any use of the pine pollen for various medical and other uses, one may certainly say that more scientific studies need to be conducted on the efficacy of the pine pollen.